WHAT IS THE FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT SCREEN (FMS) ?
Medicine has metrics that are used to compare a patient’s numbers to the normal. These include blood pressure, blood panels and a variety of other screens. It allows your doctor to have a quick screen to see the state of your health. It is a way to compare your health over time and look for changes based on your previous baseline metrics. However, these metrics don’t give the reason for abnormal metrics. It simply gives a quick snapshot of the state of your health. A high blood pressure reading doesn’t tell us anything other than a blood pressure is elevated.
A screen works differently. If something is elevated, the next step is a deeper look through an assessment. In the musculoskeletal world that would be our next topic, the Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) which delves deeper into the WHY your screen was abnormal.
Until fifteen years we really did not have a metric to screen patients with for musculoskeletal system. We were guessing whether your improvement or non improvement was real or simply a short term reflexive change. That was when Gray Cook PT created the FMS. We now have a way to screen individuals with a seven test screen, the FMS.
The FMS is for the non painful individual to be screened and looked at for three things--Mobility, Stability and Movement Pattern--in three different stances--symetrical (feet side by side), split (like the splits or running) and single leg stance. This matters because our core operates differently based on how our stance is.
This screen takes ten minutes and seems basic to the non FMS trained provider, but the wealth of knowledge gained gives us a look into how your body moves based on mobility, stability and the three movement patterns. The FMS gives us a baseline to compare you to yourself and norms which have been created through thousands of previous screens. It allows us to increase your performance and manage risk of injury whether in the sports arena, work place or anything in between.
In a nutshell, FMS is a proactive way to manage injury risk. Through the screen you will be given a corrective exercise plan made for you and only you based on your FMS score.
This is truly the way health care should be, proactive and forward thinking.
If you have pain to begin with or pain occurs during the FMS, you will then be assessed by the SFMA which takes a closer look at WHY you hurt. The SFMA will be discussed on another page on this web site.